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He had it built to be the final resting place of Mumtaz Mahal, his wife. The Taj Mahal is known as the grandest architectural accomplishment of his reign. The white marble monument of the Emperor’s love for his wife was recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983. In 1612 he married Arjūmand Bānū Begum, niece of Jahāngīr’s wife Nūr Jahān, and became, as Prince Khurram, a member of the influential Nūr Shah Jahān, Mughal emperor of India (1628–58) who built the Taj Mahal. It was built in the memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The building complex is noted for its central features; the royal tomb that contains Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan’s cenotaphs. India was rich at that time. • The most famous building of Shah Jahan is the Taj Mahal. Shah Jahan’s buildings display a synthesis of Indian and foreign architectural style. The Mughals built many buildings during their era. Today its stunning architecture has made it one of … Court Papers Badshahnama, one of the most important court journals of Shah Jahan, deals with the burial of Mumtaz in two pages of its first volume (pp.403-404). It is located in India in the city of Agra. He was the third son of the Mughal emperor Jahāngīr and the Rajput princess Manmati. Therefore, it is a pertinent question whether Shah Jahan himself built the edifice, or he converted an existing building into a mausoleum. Originally built by Emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb his wife, the Taj Mahal remains an architectural marvel of the modern world. Shah Jahan was a Mughal emperor who ruled India in the 17th century. 9. The crown-jewel of Mughal architecture and one of the most famous buildings in the world was built by Shah Jahan between 1632 and 1653 as a mausoleum for his wife Mumtaz Mahal. During his 30 year reign, Shah Jahan transformedhis empire into a well-oiled military machine. Taj Mahal, mausoleum complex in Uttar Pradesh in northern India, built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in the 17th century. Shah Jahan’s Army. He was also responsible in manufacturing cannonsin huge numbers. Construction started in 1632, and the mausoleum was completed in 1648, while the surrounding buildings and garden were finished five years later. 7. The complex houses the tombs of Shah Jahan and one of his wives, known as Mumtaz Mahal. Here the white marble mausoleum was placed on a terrace by the … Taj Mahal The Taj Mahal was commissioned by Shah Jahan, the emperor of Mughal. 8. It is said that his army included more than 911,400 soldiers and 185,000 horsemen. His wife had long since passed by this time. Ustad Ahmad Lahauri was the name of the architect that Jahan chose to design and build the Taj Mahal (Sardar). It was completed in 1643 AD. The famous building they built is the Taj Mahal. 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