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Seeds should be sown approximately 1 cm deep and covered lightly with the garden soil. Whether you love it or hate it, it will not leave you untouched. Tagetes minuta is a tall upright marigold plant from the genus Tagetes, with small flowers, native to the southern half of South America.Since Spanish colonization, it has been introduced around the world, and has become naturalized in Europe, Asia, Australasia, North America, and Africa. ... Other sources of information about Tagetes minuta: Our websites: Flora of Botswana: Tagetes minuta Flora of Malawi: Tagetes minuta Flora of Mozambique: Tagetes minuta Tagetes minuta is a tall upright marigold plant from the genus Tagetes, with small flowers, native to the southern half of South America. Tagetes minuta as naturalized exotic weed in South Africa, and therefore has not been evaluated for the Red List of South African plants. General information about Tagetes minuta (TAGMI) South America. In burners, vaporizers or steamers, the vapour from the leaves can treat headaches, coughs, bronchitis, chest infections or be an insect repellent for a wide variety of insects. Distributed over Southern America, Africa, Asia, Australasia, Europe, Northern America and Pacific It can be blended with massage oil or used in the bath where it can assist with wounds, cuts, coughs, chest infections, parasitic and fungal infestations. In Mexico, it is regarded as a flower of the dead during the 1st November celebrations of the Day of the Dead, where they use it to honor the lives of the family and friends who have passed away. The Tagetes Glandulifera oil is a mobile, dark yellow to orange yellow liquid which solidifies upon exposure to air, daylight and moisture. Initially the oil has a wild unpleasant smell, but after 12 months of maturity, it achieves a pleasant sweet-fruity (mango-like) smell and attains a stable composition. A specialist oil, but very useful as a natural fungicide in skin creams for athletes foot. South Africa is currently the major producer of Tagetes essential oil which is used in perfumery, cosmetics and aromatherapy. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Baser, K.H.L. Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk'ancha, La Paz, 2007 (Quechua-Spanish dictionary), Learn how and when to remove this template message. It is of medium viscosity that can turn thick and even gel-like if exposed to the air for a long time. Depending on the species, marigold foliage has a musky, pungent scent, though some varieties have been bred to be scentless. The first record for KwaZulu-Natal was noticed in Newcastle in 1910. Mapaura, A. & Malyer, H. 1996. Although Tagetes Oil is not a popular fragrance oil, it is used in some perfumes. Has 328 biological activities, 29 ethnobotanical uses. SOURCE: Steam distilled from the flowering plant. A beverage is prepared from Tagetes minutaby steeping a "half-handful"of the dried plant in hot water for 3 to 5 min. An extraction of the plant, "Marigold oil", is used in the perfume, tobacco, and soft drink industry.[3]. It is used as a culinary herb in Peru, Ecuador, and parts of Chile and Bolivia. Wild Flowers of Southeast Botswana Struik Nature, Cape Town South Africa Page 150. Journal of Essential Oil Research 8: 337, 338. The purpose of this study was to determine the chemical composition of essential oils from Tagetes minuta from the Eastern Cape of South Africa and evaluate their antioxidant potential for medicinal end use. It is very powerful and should be used sparingly on the skin (less than 0.5% dilution), not used on a sensitive skin, and avoided during pregnancy. In the Andes it is known as Huacatay or Wacatay, and in other regions it is common as chinchilla, chiquilla, chilca, zuico, suico, or anisillo. ORIGIN: South Africa. Although khaki bush can be harvested from the veld and provides an income to collectors, it is also grown commercially in South Africa, France and North America for its essential oil. The boiled leaves of the Tagetes minuta are used to treat infections in the respiratory system or stomach problems, by drinking the boiled mixture. In India, it is widely cultivated to make garlands, for decorative purpose in marriages and festivals. An herbal tea can be brewed from the leaves. By 1920 it was widespread in South Africa. ), New crops. It grows on dry or moist soil. Tagetes minuta grows on light (sandy), medium (loamy) or heavy (clay) soils, which are well drained, acidic, neutral or alkaline. It grows on dry or moist soil. 1993. The oil is mainly produced in South Africa… Stems are unbranched or branching repeatedly in the upper parts, grooved or ridged. Furthermore, Tagetes minuta essential oils also delayed the moulting of engorged nymphs by 60% after 25 days (Nchu et al., 2012). Bunions might be treated with tagetes. This study gives the taxonomic description and illustration. Soule, J.A. [3], Tagetes minuta has been eaten in various forms since pre-contact times. [3] Other names include muster John Henry,[4] southern marigold,[5] khakibos, stinking roger,[6] wild marigold,[2] and black mint. Tagetes minuta is an invasive weed that prefers growing in disturbed areas, such as old lands on farms, abandoned gardens, roadsides and waste places. Wiley, New York. Tagetes (Tagetes minuta) is a strong scented annual herb with green, oval shaped leaves and bright orange flowers that look like daisies.The plant is native to South America and Mexico, and grows wild in Africa, Europe, and North America and Asia. The oils contained in the oil glands that are found throughout the above ground portions of the plant may cause irritation to the skin and in some cases are said to cause photodermatitis. Simon (eds. The earliest record in South Africa appears to be in 1905 at Vlakfontein. ); kakiebos, khakibos, langkakiebos, stinkbos, stinkkhakibos, transvaalse kakiebos (Afr. This species of marigold may grow to become from 0.6–2 meters tall. 2006). Distilled oil of Tagetes minuta from South Africa. Plants produce clusters of up to 80 cylindrical flower heads in a panicle-like inflorescence. In the Andes it is known as Huacatay or Wacatay, and in other regions it is common as chinchilla, chiquilla, chilca, zuico, suico, or anisillo. Often referred to as (Mexican) Marigold, … Not registered yet? Tagetes minuta has numerous local names that vary by region. Highland Essential Oils on the farm Vlakbult (near Clocolan) cultivate around 500 ha of Tagetes (about half of their production need) annually, for an output of about 1 ton of oil. Due to antibacterial thiophenes exuded by the roots, Tagetes should not be planted near any legume crop. Therapeutically tagetes essential oil is used for athlete's foot, bunions, calluses, chest infections, corns, coughs, fungal infections and parasites. Millicent Ndou & Marinda KoekemoerNational Herbarium, PretoriaFebruary 2017, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Flowering season: Early Summer, Late Summer, Autumn, Aspect: Full Sun, Shade, Morning Sun (Semi Shade), Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). It is an annual herb and attains height about 1-2 meters. Tagetes minuta is adapted to high temperatures and can tolerate low rainfall, but is not frost-hardy. Encyclopedia of common natural ingredients. Discover Life: http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20q?search=Tagetes+minuta Accessed 3 February 2017, Esoteric Oils: Tagetes essential oil information. Accessed on 2017/02/24. KOBASHI TAGETES OIL 100% Pure LATIN NAME: Tagetes minuta (African Marigold). When used in a cream or lotion, it can have a beneficial effect on fungal and microbial infections and especially helpful when treating weeping wounds or athletes foot. http://essentialoils.co.za/essential-oils/tagetes.htm, Accessed 3 February 2017, Highland Essential Oils: Tagetes Oil. The oil is also used as a repellent to the bowfly and is useful as a bowfly dressing. The heads are 10–15 mm long, enclosed by 4 or 5, fused involucral bracts. To encourage the seed germination, soil temperature should be 18.3°C or warmer. Collect the seeds from drying plants to use them again or allow the plant to self-seed. Sow the seeds in early spring directly into the beds. In a 5% dilution, Tagetes Oil has been used to kill maggots in open wounds. Tagetes minuta can be propagated by seeds after the danger of frost is well passed. http://www.highlandessentialoils.co.za/html/tagetes.html, Accessed 3 February 2017. During the last 6-10 years wild Login to add your Comment Pl. Tagetes species are hence often used in companion planting for tomato, eggplant, chili pepper, tobacco, and potato. Some of the perennial species are deer-, rabbit-, rodent- and javalina or peccary-resistant. It is said to deter some common insect pests, as well as nematodes. Stems much branched in larger plants and almost woody, ribbed, glabrous, glandular. The oil has a wild-citrus-like smell and has a yellowish to reddish amber colour. 2: 887. Cultivated as an ornamental. Tagetes is an annual herb that grows to about 30 cm in height. After the Anglo Boer war in South Africa, Australian troops took plants home to their native land, where it now also grows profusely. bipinata (synonym of Tagetes minuta L.) Origin: Egypt, South Africa or Madagascar (See COA for lot specific origin) Process: Steam Distilled Essential Oil Plant Part: Flowers Cultivation: Conventional Use: Aromatherapy / Natural Perfumery.Always dilute. It has bright orange daisylike flowers and soft green oval pinnate leaves. Tagetes minuta is an invasive weed that prefers growing in disturbed areas, such as old lands on farms, abandoned gardens, roadsides and waste places. The common name of Tagetes minuta in English, khaki-weed, is derived from its supposed introduction by English khaki-clad soldiers during the Anglo Boer War (1899–1902). Botanical Name: Tagetes minuta var. Chemical constituents, antibacterial and antioxidant properties of the essential oil flower of Tagetes minuta grown in Cala community Eastern Cape, South Africa BMC Complement Altern Med . ), New crops. Its presence as an adventive plant on Balkan Peninsula was noted by Hayek (1931), Å ilić (1973), Trinajstić (1974) and others. Tagetes minuta Linnaeus, Sp. Tagete oil is produced in India, Egypt, Madagascar, Mexico, South America (Brazil) and South Africa and some other parts of Africa. T. glandulifera, familia Asteraceae) is native to South America and naturalized in Europe, Africa, Asia and Australia. Tagetes is harvested in short duration from the month of December to January. In: J. Janick and J.E. Tagetes minuta L. (Asteraceae), a herb native to southern South America, has recently become naturalized in central Taiwan. Khaki bush planted around your house will provide you with a very good early-warning security system. It prefers sunny positions. It is originally from South and North America, but is now widespread everywhere in South Africa and neighboring areas. In Kenya it is found in Nairobi, Taita Hills, Voi-Nairobi ... Tagetes minuta L. Other uses - Used in perfumery and as flavour in beverages and food industry. Most drugs used for diseases treatment are less efficacious with side effects and this brought the search for new treatment regimens mainly from medicinal plants. Each head generally contains about 3 ray florets with short, broad, lemon-coloured lamina and 3 disc florets. Global production is estimated to be around 12 MT. The largest producers of Tagetes minuta oil are South Africa and France. Select a location in your garden that receives full sun and loosen the soil. Originally from South America but is now a widespread weed in Africa, South Europe, South Asia and Australia. Water the area thoroughly and then water on a regular basis throughout the growing season. Tagetes minuta L., generally known as wild marigold and locally as “Kakiebos”, has been used traditionally for medicinal purposes in many countries around the world. SANBI. [2] Tagetes minuta has numerous local names that vary by region. p. 649-654. Germination of Tagetes minuta L. Temperature effects. [8] It is commonly sold in Latin grocery stores in a bottled, paste format as black mint paste. Leaves mostly opposite, often alternate in upper part, dark green, pinnatisect, elliptic in outline, 3-30 × 0.7-8 cm, rachis narrowly winged, … Wiley, New York. In 1909, it was recorded at Grahamstown as a troublesome weed. [3], Kawunyira[clarification needed] at Entebbe, Uganda. It is an alternative host to the bean fungus Ascochyta phaseolorum in Australia ( Holm et al., 1997 ). It is originally from South and North America, but is now widespread everywhere in South Africa and neighboring areas. dilute to 0.5% in 99.5% carrier QUALITIES: Has excellent fungicidal properties. Although they had similar constituents, the … tagetes, compositae. It is believed that its strong odour attracts dead souls towards the flowers, therefore burial sites are adorned with marigolds. Native to Central America, tagetes, also known as marigold or Mexican marigold, grows wild from Argentina to Canada. It came to South Africa by way of the 1900 Boer War between the British and the Afrikaners, as many horses and a large amount of feed were imported from Argentina to South Africa during the conflict. 2017 Jul 5;17(1):351. doi: 10.1186/s12906-017-1861-6. The aroma of the oil develops further in the following 5 years, after which the oil quality deteriorates. Introduced in some Mediterranean countries and Macaronesia, China (Taiwan), Indian subcontinent, Japan, Korea, most of Africa, North America, Australasia This Dissertation is submitted to the Faculty of Science and Agriculture, Chemistry ... Beach hotel in Cape Town, South Africa, 23rd of September 2014 to 25th of September 2014. Record for KwaZulu-Natal was noticed in Newcastle in 1910 been eaten in various forms pre-contact... Visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions % Pure LATIN NAME: Tagetes minuta has wild-citrus-like. Wild Tagetes minuta has numerous local names that vary by region to 2 m tall, Tagetes oil been... 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