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Quotation|Europe will not be made all at once, or according to a single plan. Schuman's speeches and the Declaration in English with analysis. In 1985, during Jacques Delors tenure as President of the European Commission, the leaders of the European Council met in Milan to decide upon 'national' symbols for the Community. famous ‘Schuman Declaration’ of 9 May 1950, which led to the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community and, as such, is considered to be the birth of the European Union. The Schuman Declaration (9th May 1950), whose 60th anniversary is celebrated this year, is the founding document of the European unification process. It served as a foundational moment for European integration and the … The Robert Schuman Foundation, created in 1991 and acknowledged by State decree in 1992, is the main French research centre on Europe. They show that Reuter pencilled the first draft and Monnet made only minor corrections. a study in French diplomacy 1950–1952. Robert Schuman SCHUMAN DECLARATION and the BIRTH OF EUROPE . The Council was a herald of these supranational communities to come on the path to a full European integration. The Declaration itself was first drafted by Paul Reuter, Schuman's colleague and the lawyer at the Foreign ministry. The Schuman Plan . The declaration of 9th May 1950 is believed to be the founding text of European integration. export or domestic. OK. West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer responded positively to the Declaration, as did the governments of the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy, and Luxembourg. However, in 1949 the International Authority for the Ruhr was founded. Schuman had stated that the idea of a European Coal and Steel Community dated from before he attended university. The Proposal for a supranational Community was made to the European peoples in the dismal, fearful years of the Cold War as it ruled out another war with Germany. study the feasibility of creating a customs union or free trade area, study multi-lateralisation of payments, and. It was edited by Jean Monnet and others including Schuman's Directeur de Cabinet, Bernard Clappier. The Declaration is viewed as one of the main founding events of the EU. * [http://www.ena.lu/?lang=1&doc=15836 Video of the 9 May 1950 declaration (French)] European NAvigator* [http://www.eurosduvillage.com/archive/2006/05/08/la-declaration-du-9-mai-1950-l-heritage-de-quel-passe.html The 9th may's declaration : which past for an inheritance?, on "EUROS DU VILLAGE"], Déclaration du 9 mai 1950 — La déclaration du 8 mai 1950, aussi appelée déclaration Schuman, est considérée comme le texte fondateur de la construction européenne. Schuman initiated policies in preparation for this major change of European politics while Prime Minister of France (1947-8) and Foreign Minister from 1948 onwards. Schuman was the French Foreign Minister, who brokered friendly Franco-German Relations after 3 large-scale wars between the two European powers within 70 years brought havoc to Europe regularly. "Inventing the 'People's Europe': Critical Approaches to European Community 'Cultural Policy. This would be acheived by creating common interests: "The coming together of the nations of Europe requires the elimination of the age-old opposition of France and Germany...the solidarity in production thus established will make it plain that any war between France and Germany becomes not merely unthinkable, but materially impossible."[1]. On 18 April 1951, the six founding members signed the Treaty of Paris. It marked the birth of Europe as a political entity, It aimed to make war between Member States impossible, It created a single market across the Community, This, starting with the coal and steel sector, would revitalise the whole European economy by similar community processes. The coming together of the nations of Europe requires the elimination of the age-old opposition of France and Germany. "The European Communities and the Construction of Europe. With this aim in view, the French Government proposes that action be taken immediately on one limited but decisive point.It proposes that Franco-German production of coal and steel as a whole be placed under a common High Authority, within the framework of an organization open to the participation of the other countries of Europe. He spoke about the principles of sharing European resources in a supranational union at the signing of the Statute of the Council of Europe in London, 5 May 1949. 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