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Scaffolding as a Teaching Strategy Rachel R. Van Der Stuyf Adolescent Learning and Development Section 0500A - Fall 2002 November 17, 2002 I. Scaffolding as a Teaching Strategy – Definition and Description Scaffolding instruction as a teaching strategy originates from Lev Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory and his concept of the zone of proximal development (ZPD). Look at the number in the ten’s position’, (this) provides hints to the students” (Olson and Platt, 2000, Six Scaffolding Strategies for ELLs Modeling Bridging Contextualizing Schema Building Text Representation Developing Metacognition . Modeling After employing these effective teaching methods, you will receive praise from students, other teachers, administrators, and parents. Teachers gradually release responsibility to the child so that ‘the expert fades from the learning situation as the novice masters the necessary skills within meaningful activities’ (Callison, 2001, p. 2). ... Online forums — For asynchronous teaching strategies, use online forums to encourage discussions. Students can ask questions, answer their peers’ questions and discuss concepts. Modeling for students is a cornerstone of scaffolding in my experience. The findings have shown positive and favourable effects of scaffolding on the teaching and learning of writing among weak ESL learners. Modeling is a popular show-and-tell teaching strategy used by teachers across subjects and grade levels. Traditional Differentiation Scaffolding shares many similarities with differentiation, which refers to a wide variety of teaching techniques and lesson adaptations used to teach students with diverse learning needs, in the same classroom. Like differentiation, scaffolding can occur on an individual level. Before you slip on that silky night gown and prepare to walk down the runway (something I would not recommend doing in your classroom), try a different type of modeling. Whether you’re teaching virtually or in person, making the most of each learning moment is always the goal. These methods enable students to cognitive and metacognitive strategies for “using, managing, and discovering knowledge” [1][2]. 1 Homerton College, Cambridge, UK Professioneel Meesterschap 2010-2012 Hedi Jansen From incomplete scaffolding to Visual Aids. Modeling. The purpose of scaffolding is to provide teaching strategies that clarify learning objectives and supports as students learn new concepts. Using Instructional Scaffolding in the Classroom. Although it’s sometimes perceived as easy, teachers must be strategic and consider student engagement, individual learning needs, and appropriate scaffolds. Instead of providing explicit steps, one supports, or scaffolds, the Engaging children requires you to make many plans and decisions based on your teaching … ; The visual aids should not tell the student answers, but it should help the student to think through the task themselves. Sensory scaffolding also includes modeling in front of the class, since images and gestures help paint a whole picture of the lesson. ... many would agree it’s just plain good teaching. Scaffolding, modeling, mentoring, and coaching are all methods of teaching and learning that draw on social constructivist learning theory. Modeling Students need to be given clear examples of ... • Scaffolding Language/Scaffolding Learning: Teaching Second Language Learner in … Please share with us scaffolding strategies that work well for your students. It becomes clear to the teachers that teaching is not only about teaching what is modeling. Let’s take a look at just what we mean by scaffolding and how you can incorporate it into the classroom. Scaffolding in education means moving students towards greater understanding through a variety of instructional techniques. Although scaffolds can be applied to the teaching of all skills, they are particularly useful, and often indispensable, for teaching higher- level cognitive strategies, where many of the steps or procedures necessary to carry out these strategies cannot be specified. Scaffolding as a Teaching Strategy R. Van Der Stuyf 4 teacher may list, “…the steps of rounding hundreds beginning with the first step of ‘1. These are some of the most effective options: Tackle material in chunks. Report Mini Design Dialogic Teaching. In mathematics lessons where scaffolding is employed as a teaching strategy, the conventional assumptions about what it means to know mathematics are challenged. 3. The teacher provides a structure to guide students by: Describing the skill or strategy Another scaffolding strategy you can use is to make sure that your assessments are related to other elements of your course. Taken from Edutopia online 11/4/2014. You don’t have to give me credit, but you can send me a thank you e-mail. With modeling, the teacher’s role begins to decrease as the students begin to use the strategies they have learned and apply them independently to assignments. We often refer to scaffolding to create effective and efficient lessons. Even if you’re using several different assessments (rather than one broken-up summative assessment), consider the relationship between your assessments and whether they prepare students for other course elements. Visual aids in the classroom can include: Flash cards a student can have on their desk,; Posters on the walls,; Graphic organizers and charts. Recently, I’ve used my academic blog as a model for a writing project in one of my college courses. Teachers can implement scaffolding in the classroom using a variety of strategies. ; Checklists to ensure tasks are completed. CamTalk: University of Cambridge and University of Amsterdam. Instructional Scaffolding Techniques and Strategies 1. Most teachers will use scaffolding as a normal part of their teaching process to support pupils who are struggling, giving them sentence starters, prompts, or the task broken down. Instructional Strategies: Modeling Learn about Teacher Modeling How do students know what is expected of them? Scaffolding is a teaching strategy that focuses on raising students' abilities one step at a time and removing support as the student progresses. Scaffolding allows students to learn content with support and guidance from their teacher. This view of scaffolding, if applied to classroom teaching, might take educators back to a pre-Piagetian, traditional way of teaching through direct instruction. Scaffolding as a teaching strategy could help to materialize the dream of these educators. Through explicit teacher modeling, the teacher provides students with a clear example of a skill or strategy. June 2012. What is Scaffolding in Teaching? metaphor of scaffolding can lead to viewing the teacher-learner interaction in the classroom as predominantly adult-driven and one-sided in nature. If a few students fail to grasp specific concepts of a lesson, the teacher has an opportunity to reteach those concepts specifically to those students without having to re-emphasize the entire lesson. Around 1987, Collins, Brown, and Newman developed six teaching methods — modeling, coaching, scaffolding, articulation, reflection and exploration. 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