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History as a Theological Concept. To be significantly African, and to shed the pejoration of being a form of corrupted Christianity, the African indigenous churches had to draw essentially on African customs … The Africans could not fight the Europeans,… Gazette: It sounds like African indigenous religions are dynamic, inclusive, and flexible. Mark the Evangelist made history in the year 43 when he became the first bishop to serve in the Orthodox Church of Alexandria. The religious and social role and function of this belief must be thoroughly studied and understood. By the year 300, Egypt had more than a million Christians. Outside of the cities, life was less influenced by Roman culture. It started around the eastern Mediterranean region, ranging from roughly Greece through the Levant, and spread from there. Christianity: Christianity was one justification that European powers used to colonize and exploit Africa. Yet many thoughtful African Christians are concerned about the future of African Christianity. African American rebellions, though small and infrequent Mugambi. Even though they were silenced by white laws and stereotypes, African Americans created their own distinct culture, to a certain extent from 1800 to 1860. Islamic influence is, in fact, revealed both at the explicit and suggestive levels in languages as different as the Berber dialects, Hausa, Swahili, and Somali to name just a few. Language is one of the most important aspects of a people's identity because it is the most common medium of communication. JO: Yes, and … Therefore, leaving Christianity for a traditional African religion exhibits a lack of understanding of the richness of Christian theology and our enslaved ancestors’ connection to the faith. These are Christian religion, culture and African cultural values. African natives were very secluded and therefore had a chance to develop their own culture. The most significant similarity between the African God and the Biblical God is the fundamental belief in a deity. The coexistence of Islam and African traditional religion has cultural and linguistic implications as well. Traditional African religion is very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors. They had everything to do with man's greedy, power-hungry human nature which seeks its own ways rather than God's. With Africa subjugated and dominated, the Western culture and European mode of civilisation began to thrive and outgrow African cultural heritage. The governments of most African nations encourage national dance and music groups, museums, and to a lower degree, artists and writers. Indigenous African religions are by nature plural, varied, and usually informed by one’s ethnic identity, where one’s family came from in … But it is not the Try La Croix International now for just USD 4.99 a Quarter! Now, as the Gospel spread throughout the nooks and crannies of the continent, African Christianity began to define itself on its own cultural terms. Christianity, major religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus of Nazareth (the Christ, or the Anointed One of God) in the 1st century ce.It has become the largest of the world’s religions and, geographically, the most widely diffused of all faiths. It has a constituency of more than two billion believers. Older African Americans are more likely than younger black adults to be associated with historically … A lot of leaders have emerged from the African religion. Christianity found its way to Sudan in the 1st century as well, and the region's Nubian churches had links to those in Egypt. African women are also the best care givers, they have a very low rate of discrimination. Christianity was the dominant religion in North Africa and most notably Egypt. The major faiths practiced in South Africa are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, traditional African religions and Judaism. However, traditional influences remain, and in recent decades, many churches have made conscious efforts to reintroduce African cultural elements into Christian worship. It all changed when the Europeans began colonizing Africa. They participate in very difficult situations within their families and communities. The Alexandria-based church initially used Greek, and it was not until the late 2nd century that both the liturgy and the scriptures were translated into three native languages. Traditional African cultural practices paved the way for foreign way of doing things as Africans became fully ‘westernised’. Christianity must recognise and study the theological basis of the traditional African belief in the existence of mystical and mysterious forces. The Arabic language has provided abstract concepts, particularly religious ones, that reveal Islamic modes of thought and expression. European and other foreign settlers brought most of these religions. So, Christianity first entered Africa along the Mediterranean and Red Seas, moving into Northern Africa and the Arabian Peninsula by the late first or early second centuries CE. Some of the most decisive intellectual achievements of Christianity were explored and understood in Africa … the case among African Christians who were educated in Mission schools, and went on to assume leadership roles in their denominations. African culture in the mid-1900s was very unique and different from any other country. There is no one acceptable definition of religion Karl Marx says it is the opium of the According to tradition, the disciple Mark the Evangelistwas the one to firs… When culture and Christianity clash, the cultural Christian adjusts his or her worldview accordingly. Paige-Patric Daniel Samuels, programme leader for subjects Jesus and the Gospels, the Letter ofHebrew and Tabernacles at Christ the Redeemer Church at … African religions, religious beliefs and practices of the peoples of Africa.It should be noted that any attempt to generalize about the nature of “African religions” risks wrongly implying that there is homogeneity among all African cultures.In fact, Africa is a vast continent encompassing both geographic variation and tremendous cultural diversity. Western culture now is regarded as frontline civilisation. Egyptian and North African scholars such as Clement, Origen, Tertullian, and Athanasius are widely recognized as fathers of the church. Concept of Religion . O’Donovan (1995: 41) goes as far as suggesting that “there is probably no native-born African who is not aware of the existence of God”. Africa has played a decisive role in the formation of Christian culture from its infancy. Part of the cultural crisis in Africa arises from the lack of consensus amongst Christians and churches on the most relevant and constructive approach to reconcile Christianity and culture. Moreover, they see that many Africans -- both Christians and non-Christians think of Christianity as a foreign religion. By mixing their African American traditions and Christian ideas, they formed a religion, their own version of Christianity. Traditional Gods were still worshipped, such as the Phonecian Ba'al Hammon (equivalent to Saturn) and Ba'al Tanit (a goddess of fertility) in Africa Proconsuaris and Ancient Egyptian beliefs of Isis, Osiris, and Horus. OLUPONA: Indigenous African religions refer to the indigenous or native religious beliefs of the African people before the Christian and Islamic colonization of Africa. Reformers within the missionary churches as well as independent church leaders called for change in the institutionalized church. This link between the Christian message and African culture was an important factor in the spread of Christianity across the continent in the 1800s and 1900s. The common charge laid against missionaries that they are destroyers of African culture is shown to be untrue of the missionaries treated in this book, who worked with considerable success to integrate Christianity and African culture. Christianity, as a religion, originated in the early 1st century CE following the teachings of Hebrew leader Jesus Christ of Nazarene and his disciples. This chart is an attempt to answer those who judge Christians by the atrocities committed in the name of "Christianity" through the ages -- including our own times.Those wars, persecutions, and cruelties had little to do with Biblical Christianity. Obstacles to syncretizing Christianity with African culture Inculturation is proving elusive, even after a century of evangelization Christianity and the African Cultural Heritage798 J.N.K. Whilst Christianity and Missionary Education were instrumental in the rise of African Nationalism, their impact on African Culture and African self-esteem were the complete opposite. Even in some of Africa's predominantly Muslim countries, Christmas is still recognized as a secular celebration. In addition to the belief in deity, the Supreme Being of Africa largely overlaps conceptually with the identity and work of the biblical God. The Protestant evangelists who founded missionary movements in Africa around 1800 adopted a different course from … These languages have absorbed the Islamic worldview (though at some level languages suc… Atheistic tendencies in Africa are minimal. Through the dissemination of Christian doctrine, European nations such as Great Britain, France, and the Netherlands sought to educate and reform African culture. Mugambi INTRODUCTION The term Culture in its widest usage is the totality of a people's way of life. 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