(2011), meeting this demand would means requiring about 175-220 million ha of additional cropland, globally. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis: Vol. For it’s only through recognising the importance of science, invention and technology that we can possibly hope to guarantee a truly sustainable future, for Australia, and for … However, the wider benefits of soil biodiversity have been largely ignored by traditional and conventional agriculture in Africa. As a result, these plants produce important needs … These allowed soil scientists to expand the recovery of many important soil research projects that are sustainable in ensuring the goals of soil science for the next 75 years to come (Simonson, 1991). Poverty and hunger, soil degradation and decline soil quality are increasingly alarming in the region. This makes biofertilizers a powerful tool for sustainable agriculture and a sustainable environment. This would undoubtedly help to increase food security and proper energy transformation for the millions rural people living in Sub-Saharan Africa. Agricultural education programmes give the added advantage of the opportunity to see or know how it is done, that is, the practical aspect of soil analysis, maintenance and improvement of its fertility, the production, preservation and processing aspects of animal and crop sciences… Over decades of science and practice, several key sustainable farming practices have emerged—for example: Rotating crops and embracing diversity. And, it is believed that if this can be achieved scientifically, traditionally, politically and socially, there is a strong backing that soil science will emerge number one contributor in agricultural transformation systems for sustainable economic development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Generally, soil covers many important areas of economic developments: Lands, forest, water bodies, roads, buildings, industries and education. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of the visual soil assessment (VSA) method by testing it on two soil types and two agricultural management practices (AMP) (organic and integrated) that are considered to protect soil quality. Thus, soil could be refers to as production, promotion and distribution of essential services needed for the sustainable crop production in Sub-Saharan Africa. This lack of communication is a limitation to the consideration of soil science in the context of its role as an answer to sustainable economic development in the region (DESA., 2013). Soil science integrates scientific principles from physics, biology, and chemistry to elucidate how soils provide these essential services.Soil science provides an understanding of how soil properties relate to and can be managed for optimal agricultural production, forest, range, and wetland management, urban land use, waste disposal and management, and reclamation of drastically disturbed sites, such as mines. However, in recent years there has been a remarkable increase in human population in most part of the Sub-Saharan African region. The summary of diverse opinions presented by some members of the International Union of Soil Science (IUSS) is outline below (Hartemink, 2006a): The above broad sets of opinions could be remarkable in addressing many issues related to sustainability and renewability of crop production for economic development in Sub-Saharan Africa. Soil fertility. … Understanding about topsoil formation and conservation is then related to sustainable agriculture and carbon sequestration and its importance in mitigating climate change. The water quality, land quality, forest quality, animal and environmental qualities are factors, which must be maintained for better livelihoods of Sub-Saharan citizens (Lal, 1998). Role of Effective Microorganisms (EM) in Sustainable Agriculture Himangini Joshi*, Somduttand, Piyush Choudhary and S.L. Their cultural background differs with significant variation in languages, religion, norms, values and behaviors. It is the pedosphere environment, where, four entities (Brady and Weil, 2007): Atmosphere (world of air, gases), hydrosphere (world of water-oceans and seas), lithosphere (world of rocks and mountains) and biosphere (world of living organisms) interact and communicate for the benefits of global ecosystem, crop production and human developments. 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