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Video On Dec 7 1988 a devastating earthquake hit the Soviet republic of Armenia, killing around 25,000 people. [25][26] Igor Nesterov, (head of seismology of USSR) said the Leninakan seismic station was destroyed so there was no way of knowing whether it received reports of an earthquake coming its way, although Nesterovs' colleagues later said the station was not able to receive reports because of the lack of instruments it carried. [27], A second air transport incident occurred the following day at Yerevan (capital of the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic) when an Antonov An-12 from Yugoslavia crashed, killing all seven crew on board. Leonid Bibin, deputy chairman of the state building committee, stated that many newer homes collapsed as well and that he was beginning an investigation into the matter and that criminal charges would be brought. [15], From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core, Severely damaged masonry buildings in Spitak, A French search and rescue worker searches for buried people with the aid of a detection dog, Mikhail Gorbachev with Ronald Reagan and George H.W. The study attempts to identify predictors of injuries among persons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. The east-central segment coincided with the surface breaks between Spitak and Gekhasar, while the west-central portion's break was concealed under an anticline and was not visible at the surface. Mikhail Gorbachev was in New York on his first day of visits with Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush at the time of the earthquake, and once the scale of the disaster was realized, a quick departure was made back to Armenia, with the Kremlin formally asking for American help. In support of the relief effort, recording artists united to produce several music-related contributions for the victims of the quake. On 7 December 1988 a colossal earthquake hit Armenia, leading to the deaths of 20,000 people. The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. Beginning with late 1987 the Caucasus region was experiencing a surge in political turmoil with large and near constant demonstrations being held in the capital of Yerevan beginning in February 1988. Along the western segments the fault split into two branches with one to the southwest and the other to the northwest. 1988: Death toll rises in Armenian earthquake. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. According to the book, Armenia in Crisis: The 1988 Earthquake, the man answered: “What do my hands matter, everything I cherish is under there – my son, my daughter, my wife and my mother.” That solidified it for Simourian — Kennedy was his only hope. [13] It was reopened in 1995 amid criticism of lack of training, political instability in the Caucasus region, and accusations that the plant was of inadequate design. The crash was blamed on the pilots' failure to properly adjust the altimeter following a miscommunication with the air traffic controllers.[34]. [13], The earthquake occurred along a known 60 km (37 mi) thrust fault striking parallel to the Caucasus range and dipping to the north-northeast. The 1988 Armenian earthquake, also known as the Spitak earthquake (Armenian: Սպիտակի երկրաշարժ Spitaki yerkrašarž) occurred in the northern region of Armenia (then part of the Soviet Union) on Wednesday, December 7, 1988 at 11:41 local time (07:41 UTC). Deputy chairman of a city building and architecture council said that updated building codes like those in the United States were being drafted (along with a strict requirement that the new protocols be respected) and that the new buildings would be no taller than four stories and would be located away from areas with the highest seismic risk. Spitak, Leninakan, Kirovakan, Stepanavan towns, over hundreds of villages and settlements of Spitak, Akhuryan, Gugark, Aragats, … The mainshock produced surface rupture and propagated to the west with a separate strike-slip sub-event occurring two seconds later that propagated to the southeast. The Metsamor Nuclear Power Plant, around 75 kilometers (47 mi) from the epicenter, experienced only minor shaking and no damage occurred there, but was eventually closed for a period of six years due to vulnerability concerns. Select the department you want to search in. Bruce Bolt, a seismologist and a professor of earth and planetary science at the University of California, Berkeley, walked the length of the fault scarp in 1992 and found that the vertical displacement measured 1 m (3 ft 3 in) along most of the length with the southwest end reaching 1.6 m (5 ft 3 in). Today marks 32nd anniversary since 1988 earthquake in Armenia. Powerful tremors in nearly half a minute destroyed the whole northern part of Armenia, covering a … An engineer with the team stated that the regulations for the area mandated that buildings be required to stand up against events measuring seven or eight on the twelve degree Medvedev–Sponheuer–Karnik scale. A great and touching movie about the Armenian earthquake in 1988. In pictures: 25th anniversary of Armenian earthquake, https://infogalactic.com/w/index.php?title=1988_Armenian_earthquake&oldid=3409978, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles containing Armenian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, About Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. Reviewed in the United States on December 11, 2020. In certain situations gravelly sands may liquefy in similar fashion as saturated sands. Biggest quake: 2.9 quake 18 km south of Karanlukh, Gegharkunik, Armenia, 4 December 2020 15:35 UTC Most recent quake: 2.4 quake 34 km northeast of Ararat, Armenia, 4 Dec 7:35 pm (GMT +4) … Going westward the fault split into two branches, a north-dipping reverse fault (north branch) and a right slip fault (south branch), but neither produced surface rupture. Despite the tensions of the Cold War, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev formally asked the United States for humanitarian help within a few days of the earthquake, the first such request since World War II. Witness speaks to Anahit Karapetian who was trapped for hours under the rubble of her school. The shocks at the southeastern segment indicated right-lateral strike-slip movement along a nearly vertical fault, and may have been related to the Alavar fault. They remind us that love, self-sacrifice, compassion, and forgiveness are literally our only hope. The official communist party newspaper Pravda said that poor construction, like other issues of neglect in the Soviet system, could be blamed on the Era of Stagnation from the era of Leonid Brezhnev. Very moving. Two earthquakes hit Armenia on December 7, 1988, killing 60,000 people and destroying nearly half a million buildings. Submitted 18 June 1998 by Debra < [email protected] > as a Father's Day offering In 1989 an 8.2 earthquake almost flattened Armenia, killing over 30,000 people in less than four minutes. For the fifteen months prior to the earthquake and at times up to hundreds of thousands of protesters, represented by the Karabakh Committee, were demanding both democracy and the unification of Nagorno-Karabakh (administered by Soviet Azerbaijan but disputed autonomous territory with an 80% A… Over 40,000 lives were lost. I thought it was excellent. The devastating earthquake, measuring 10 degrees on the MSK scale, took place in 40% of the territory of Armenia at 11:41 (local time), December 7, 1988. A number of the smaller outlying villages away from the larger population centers were also severely affected. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. 1988 Earthquake Memorial Day: December 7. I felt the emotions of the characters. Within a matter of seconds, the second and third largest cities of Gyumri and Vanadzor (Leninakan and Kirovakan at the time), the town of Spitak and settlements in the Akhuryan, … This movie does a great job sticking to the humanity that exceeds a particular culture and speaks a language all can understand. The study attempts to identify predictors of injuries among persons who were hospitalized following the Armenian earthquake of 7 December 1988. It is not about the earthquake but the human tragedy and the hope in the tragedy. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. . Then-Armenian Assembly Board Chairman Hirair Hovnanian leading a delegation bringing humanitarian relief to Armenia after the 1988 earthquake WASHINGTON, D.C. – On the 30th Anniversary of the Spitak Earthquake, the Armenian Assembly of America (Assembly) remembers the thousands of lives lost and villages destroyed after a massive earthquake, registering 6.9 on the Richter Scale, struck… 5 years ago | 7 views. image caption On 7 December 1988 a devastating earthquake in northern Armenia killed 25,000 and left hundreds of thousands homeless in the Soviet republic. Aleksandr Lebed 30 Sep 20 307 0. The earthquake hit Armenia's Spitak on December 7th 1988. The committee was arrested by Soviet authorities on 11 December 1988 on charges of obstructing … Boris Karapetyan, director of earthquake studies at the Yerevan Polytechnical Institute, said of the difficult rebuilding process "Coordination is a major, major problem. Also known as the Spitak Earthquake, it was an earthquake of magnitude 6.9 on the Richter scale, which had its epicenter in the Spitak region of Armenia. 1988 Armenian earthquake is located in Armenia, File:1988 Spitak earthquake - Collapse of Floors, Leninakan, Armenia.tif, File:1988 Spitak earthquake - Partial Collapse of Masonry Building, Spitak, Armenia.tif, Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Ministry of Emergency Situations (Russia), Urban Search and Rescue Virginia Task Force 1, "Still Recovering: A visit to the 1988 "center of the epicenter, "Soviet aides say deaths in quake may reach 50,000", "Deaths and Injuries due to the Earthquake in Armenia - A Cohort Approach", International Epidemiological Association, "Lessons and questions emerge from Armenian quake", "Armenia's Metsamor NPP, Built Near Fault Line, Gets 10 Year Life Extension", "Armenia's Nuclear Risk; Antiquated Power Station to Be Reopened Despite Wide Concerns About Safety", "6 Found Alive in Armenia 35 Days After Quake", "Soviet Relief Plane Crashes, Killing 78", "Soviet Union: When the Earth Shook – A killer quake devastates Armenia, and the West responds with unprecedented aid", "Russia 'Concerned' About Armenian Protests Of Foreign-Language Schools", "Yugoslav Pilots Blamed in Crash of Quake Relief Plane", "Story of Charles Aznavour's "For you Armenia, "Faucets, Not Hospitals : Armenia Aid Gets Back to the Basics", "In Armenia, Revival the American Way; U.S. Architects Plan an Earthquake-Resistant Spitak", "Out of Earthquake's Rubble Rises Soviet-U.S. Teamwork", "The Spitak (Armenia) earthquake of 7 December 1988: field observations, seismology and tectonics", "Geometry, segmentation and stress regime of the Spitak (Armenia) earthquake from the analysis of the aftershock sequence", "Earthquake of 7 December 1988, Spitak, Armenia report of the NZNSEE team visit of 1989", "Liquefaction and Embankment Failure Case Histories, 1988 Armenia Earthquake", "American critical care team at foreign disaster: The Armenian experience", Earthquake Damage, the Armenian SSR, December 7, 1988, On this day – 1988: Death toll rises in Armenian earthquake, Rescue efforts underway after earthquake strikes the Soviet republic of Armenia. Travelling or based outside United States? A monument, Armenian Earthquake, expressing the appreciation of the Armenian people for assistance from the U.S. was erected in Washington D.C. in 1990. Takes a bit to get used to the english voice dubbing, but you get so wrapped in the story that you forget about it. Rescue work is currently still concentrating on finding any survivors, but hope is waning in Armenia which borders Turkey and Azerbaijan. This is a massive undertaking, and foreign involvement is both a necessary and a complicating factor. [9], The world responded rapidly to the disaster in Leninakan and Spitak, with much of Europe sending cargo aircraft loaded with medical supplies, rescue equipment, and trained personnel to assist in the recovery, and even more reinforcement came in from Latin America and the Far East. In response to the 1988 Armenian earthquake, he founded the charitable organization Aznavour for Armenia along with his long-time friend impresario Levon Sayan. Though the recurrence of seismic events in Armenia does not reach the high frequency that is seen in other segments of this zone, rapid crustal deformation there is associated with active thrust faulting and volcanic activity. On the day of the quake, two men arrive in their home town only to be caught up in the terrible events and must work together to rescue as … mayrik (earthquake in Armenia) Erline Marlowe. STEPANAKERT, DECEMBER 7, ARTSAKHPRESS: At 11:41 on that day, the northern regions of the Armenian SSR were shocked by a devastating earthquake, which was named after the epicenter as the Spitak earthquake. Sometimes a foreign film can be hard if you do not understand the culture in which the movie takes place. On the day of the quake, two men arrive in their home town only to be caught up in the terrible events and must work together to rescue as many people as they can before the aftershocks hit. Rescue work is currently still concentrating on finding any survivors, but hope is waning in Armenia which borders Turkey and Azerbaijan. [9] With the hospitals destroyed, and their limited knowledge of the care requirements, the Soviets were not well-equipped to deal with the cases of crush syndrome (trauma associated with building collapses). Eight of the selected sites were equipped with a vertical component velocity transducer along with an FM telemetry link to transfer data back to a central station where a three-component unit was stationed. The moment of silence was held at the suggestion of Edmon Marukyan, the leader of the opposition Bright Armenia party. The team then set out to determine an accurate velocity model using data from the more accurate telemetry network. Moving westward closer to the central segments though, a transition of the fault type was becoming apparent, where an almost equal distribution of reverse fault mechanisms were observed as the strike-slip type. Video On Dec 7 1988 a devastating earthquake hit the Soviet republic of Armenia, killing around 25,000 people. Armenia is a small country about the size of Maryland that borders Turkey to the west, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east and Georgia to the north. "[37], The Soviets and an American group of architects each devised separate outlines for rebuilding the town of Spitak. The earthquake shook the whole Soviet Union and was one of the events leading directly to its dissolution and downfall two years later. The Spitak earthquake shattered the peace of Armenia 32 years ago. Approximately two hundred aftershocks were recorded each day for the first several days of the expedition and at the end of the recording period in February the equipment was still picking up around 100 shocks per day. They sustained themselves on the food supplies — fruit salad, pickles, and smoked ham — that were available in the basement for 35 days before their rescue in January. Most of those funds went into the initial relief work and medical care plus the beginning portion of the rebuilding phase. The shock occurred in the northern region of Armenia (then part of the Soviet Union) which is vulnerable to large and destructive earthquakes and is part of a larger active seismic belt that stretches from the Alps to the Himalayas. Nine crew and 69 military personnel were on board the plane that struck a helicopter in foggy conditions at the small airport that was overrun with rescue flights. It is very well made, true to life, and unrelenting. The Earthquake Engineering Research Institute's team compared building damage in each city and observed similar results when comparing stone buildings four stories or less in height, but for taller frame-stone buildings, 62% were destroyed at Leninakan while only 23% collapsed at Kirovakan. Many case histories pertaining to liquefaction in sandy soil exist, but few exist with respect to gravel and gravelly sands. Armenia's Acting Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan attends memorial events commemorating the 30th anniversary of the 1988 earthquake in the city of Gyumri; on December 7, 1988, an earthquake measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale struck the northwestern Armenia devastating the town of Spitak and severely damaging Armenia's second largest city of Leninakan (now Gyumri). Armenia has had: (M1.5 or greater) 1 earthquake in the past 24 hours 1 earthquake in the past 7 days What follows is a passage from his memoirs pertaining to that day. [6][15], Some of the strongest shaking occurred in industrial areas with chemical and food processing plants, electrical substations, and power plants. Browse more videos. This page was last modified on 26 December 2015, at 23:36. Bush in New York on the day of the earthquake. Armenian Earthquake Memorial at the Red Cross Bldg in Washington, D.C. Horrible acting. [9], American businessman and philanthropist Armand Hammer, well known to the Soviet Union for his financial pursuits and humanitarian ties, left Los Angeles for Armenia on board a Boeing 727 loaded with 2,300 pounds of medical supplies that were provided by the American Red Cross. This is more reflective of what actually happens during a disaster, including the human emotion. The seismicity along this belt is marked by frequent major earthquakes from the Aegean Sea, through Turkey and Iran, and into Afghanistan. Subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2020, Amazon.com, Inc. its... Liquefy in similar fashion as saturated sands the deaths of 20,000 people town! Played back and the hope in the United States on December 11, 2020 last! While there were an abundance of tents available nuclear explosion rupture and propagated to the Armenians from 113 countries northwest., 1988, resulting in thousands of deaths and injuries ten on seismic. 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