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Employment cost: salary of director + head of division + head of department + specialist = (IDR 85,753,000,000 monthly salary × 3 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 42,876,000,000 monthly salary × 10 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 30,626,000,000 monthly salary × 16 staff × 14 month) + (IDR 11,025,000,000 monthly salary × 175 staff × 14 month) = IDR 3,601,600,000 + IDR 6,002,700,000 + IDR 6,860,200,000 + IDR 27,012,100,000 = IDR 43,476.7 million/year. M. R. T. Jakarta, “Proyek dan perkembangan [project and development] Jakarta,” 2017, J. Liang and Z. Liu, “Analysis of urban rail transit operation cost control,”, D. Bruckmann, A. Bomhauer-Beins, and U. Weidmann, “A qualitative model to evaluate the financial effects of innovations in the rail sector,”, Y. Zhu and M. Diao, “The impacts of urban mass rapid transit lines on the density and mobility of high-income households: a case study of Singapore,”, B. Shang and X. Zhang, “Study of urban rail transit operation costs,”, L. Kirkwood, E. Shehab, P. Baguley, and A. Starr, “Uncertainty of net present value calculations and the impact on applying integrated maintenance approaches to the UK rail industry,”, G. Li and C. Toda, “Discussions on the local rail transit system in the urbanization,”, D. Gattuso and A. Restuccia, “A tool for railway transport cost evaluation,”, F. Calvo and J. This can be seen from the difference in the initial year of operation. This OM cost model can be used as a reference calculation for other countries or operators with conditions similar to those of Jakarta MRT. Mass rapid transit (MRT) is an efficient transportation mode that is urgently needed by a growing city such as Jakarta, Indonesia. Train cleaning facilities cost: IDR 4,112,193 monthly salary × 15 staff × 12 month = IDR 740.19 million/year. https://www.jakartamrt.co.id/proyek-dan-perkembangan/, Repair and maintenance cost of the electrical train, Operation and maintenance cost per km per year, Sugiarto, T. Miwa, H. Sato, and T. Morikawa, “Transportation expenditure frontier models in Jakarta metropolitan area,”, S. Soehodho, “Public transportation development and traffic accident prevention in Indonesia,”, R. Wang, M. Kudrot-E-Khuda, F. Nakamura, and S. Tanaka, “A cost-benefit analysis of commuter train improvement in the Dhaka Metropolitan Area, Bangladesh,”, P. Kaewwongwattana, V. Panjakajornsak, and P. Pimdee, “Bangkok’s mass rapid transit system’s commuter decision-making process in using integrated smartcards,”, J. Zhang and H. Yang, “Transit operations with deterministic optimal fare and frequency control,”. The network consists of one operational line (Line 1). The Delhi Metro began operations in 2002 and the Bangkok MRT began in 2004, while the Jakarta MRT began in 2019. Although it is segregated from the Chennai Suburban Railway, they both are operated by Southern Railway and are integrated in a wider urban rail network. Before PARDS/TUBE exist, may pa-ganito ang Line 3 sa mga Tatra LRV/trams nila. Similar calculations can be made for other systems; however, MRT operation and maintenance cost components need to be modeled based on regulations and conditions in the respective country and region to obtain valid calculations. Following an entry in the MRTS space through parental support, ITD Cementation has subsequently enhanced its expertise. An effective MRT system has the ability to influence the shape of the city and contribute to the growth of an area [12]. Follow @GSUPSC !function(d,s,id){var js,fjs=d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0];if(!d.getElementById(id)){js=d.createElement(s);js.id=id;js.src="//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js";fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js,fjs);}}(document,"script","twitter-wjs"); A motion is a proposal by a member of the house for its opinion/decision. For a more detailed analysis and comparison, two operators from developing countries were selected with relatively similar country conditions to Indonesia (Jakarta MRT), namely, Bangkok MRT and Delhi Metro (shown in Table 3). The final stage entailed the comparison of the operation and maintenance costs per kilometer per year with various operators. The mapping of OM cost for MRT based on previous researches is shown in Table 1. This research was completed in three stages, the first of which was the development of an MRT operation and maintenance cost model to identify the required data based on a detailed study of theoretical and empirical literature and related Indonesian government regulations. The data used to support the findings of this study are available from the corresponding author upon request. For inclusive and environmentally sustainable growth process, an efficient urban transport system including Mass Rapid Transportation System (MRTS) is vital. The composition of the components is 67 percent capital cost, 18 percent operation cost (14 percent direct cost and 4 percent indirect cost), and 15 percent maintenance cost. Bus rapid transit (Busway, BRT, BRTS) is a mass transit system and is bus-based. Operation costs = direct fixed costs + direct variable costs + indirect fixed costs + indirect variable costs. Security cost: IDR 5,151,693 monthly salary × 32 staff × 12 month = IDR 1,978 million/year. Security cost: IDR 5,151,693 monthly salary × 32 staff × 12 month = IDR 1,978 million/year. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. Mass rapid transit (MRT) is an efficient transportation mode that is urgently needed by a growing city such as Jakarta, Indonesia. De Oña, “Are rail charges connected to costs?”. You have to get a card ($5 at the airport, not sure if it's cheaper anywhere else), load it with the desired amount at … Insurance costs: IDR 1,234,613.2 × 1% = IDR 12,346.132 million/year. There are several previous studies related to OM cost for MRT. The results of the OM Jakarta MRT  calculation compared with two operators in developing countries compared to Indonesia are shown in Table 3. (2)Railway staff costs: the railway staff are those employees directly related to the operation of the MRT; in this case, the machinist and operation control center staff:(3)Infrastructure costs: infrastructure costs which include the cost of track and station facility usage that consist of infrastructure depreciation cost and infrastructure maintenance cost:(4)Insurance costs: insurance costs for railway assets with the following formula:(5)Electricity costs: electrical substation and power flow over the network that serves to transmit electrical power from the source to electric train:(6)Train facilities cleaning cost: the cost of the trains to be cleaned daily:(7)Security costs: the cost of the security in the station and inside the train:(8)Employment cost: office employees salary:(9)Office expenses: depreciation costs of office building, office maintenance, office administrators, the cost of electricity, water, telephone, and so on:(10)Licenses and certificates: the confirmation given by a professional organization to a company that indicates the ability to perform a specific job or task:(11)Passenger services: cost for passenger service at the station:(12)Marketing costs: marketing at stations, such as flyers, brochures, souvenirs, advertising, or promotions:(13)Human resource development costs:(14)Maintenance cost component: the repair and maintenance cost of the assets which are calculated based on total life cycle cost and economic year: For the purposes of the MRT operation and maintenance cost model of this research, we group the fourteen cost components into three groups such as capital cost, operation cost, and maintenance cost as presented in Table 2. The “direct fixed costs” subcomponent is calculated based on railway staff costs, infrastructure costs, and insurance costs. GK Articles, News, Current Affairs, Trivia Questions and Updates about Chennai Mass Rapid Transit System for students and aspirants of UPSC, Civil services and other competitive examinations. 69/2014. License and certification: (46 staff × IDR 1,000,000)/4 year = IDR 11.5 million. Generally, the Bus rapid transit system has specialized services, infrastructure and design to remove the causes of delay and to improve system quality. - See 24,034 traveler reviews, 3,655 candid photos, and great deals for Singapore, Singapore, at Tripadvisor. The Mass Rapid Transit, abbreviated and referred to in local parlance as the MRT, is a heavy rail rapid transit system that constitutes the bulk of the railway network in Singapore, spanning—with the exception of the forested core and the island's rural northwest—the length and width of the city-state's main island. 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